4 Lessons Learned: Tools

Stainless Steel: The Best for Making Float Balls

Float balls are objects that come in different shapes and they are buoyant enough to float in water and other common fluids. Spherical and cylindrical float balls are the most common. The material used to make float balls must be strong but must also be buoyant. However, the material must be either rigid or flexible but must withstand different pressures occasioned by fluids.

The main use of float balls is in monitoring fluid levels within containers. It is for this reason that they are used to demarcate surface levels of fluids in containers. Their use can also extend to translucent tubes where they are used in monitoring the fluid levels at any one given time. All float balls work mainly on the premise of buoyancy. The specific gravity of the material to be used must always be less than that of the fluid in which the float balls are to be used. Density is therefore one guiding principle to the material to be used.

Plastic and stainless steel are the main materials used to make float balls. The choice of the two materials is informed by several factors. First of all, plastic is very light hence it floats easily in all fluids universally. Application of plastic float balls therefore cuts across many sectors. Plastic float balls can however be limited by some other factors. For instance, the type of fluid for which the float balls are required is a very important factor.
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There are fluids that would react badly when in contact with plastic materials. Much as plastic is buoyant enough in such fluids one needs a different material to make float balls. Stainless steel is a good choice. The reason why stainless steel is a good substitute for plastic in some fluids is mainly because it does not react with many fluids. Reactions between stainless steel and most chemicals are not common.
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There are many industries that use stainless steel float balls in the world. Food processing within the food industry is one of such sectors. Float balls are used in fluid food tanks so as to observe fluid levels. Chemicals in food necessitate the use of stainless steel float balls. The pressure in food tanks also requires strong float balls which stainless steel guarantees.

In chemical engineering, the use of float balls is also of paramount importance especially in checking fluid levels. The industry makes use of highly corrosive chemicals. However, stainless steel does not react with most of the known chemicals in this industry. Excessive heating of chemicals in the industry leads to high pressure and temperature. The material used to make float balls for this industry must therefore be strong enough to withstand such conditions. Stainless steel therefore becomes the material of choice. Vacuum trucks that transport liquids such as water and sewage do also use steel float balls to demarcate fluid levels within them.